Europe

Belgium - Crete - Denmark - Estonia - Finland - France - Greece - Germany - Italy - Malta - Netherlands - Norway - Poland - Russia - Spain - Sweden - Trieste - - Turkey


Belgium


National Maritime Museum: (ANTWERP) In 1927 when the Stedelijk Scheepvaartmuseum (Urban Maritime Museum) was set up in a wing of the Rijkshandelshogeschool (State Commercial College). In 1937 the collection was transferred to the Stedelijke Nijverheidsschool (Urban Technical School). When the Antwerp museums were reorganized in 1948, the Stedelijk Scheepvaartmuseum merged with the Oudheidkundige Musea (Museums of Antiquities) and the two maritime collections were combined. All this has helped make the Nationaal Scheepvaartmuseum a great tourist attraction and one of the most popular museums in Belgium.

Crete


Maritime Museum of Crete: (CHANEA) At the entrance of the port of Chanea is situated the Fortress "FIRKA", which was constructed by the Venetian (1204-1669), in order to establish the local guard and at the same time to control the entrance of the port with their cannons. Today, the Maritime Museum of Crete is located at this Fortress. The mission of the Museum is to shelter and preserve our maritime traditions -- and specially the ones of Crete -- that have been a source of national survival, progress and greatness of the Country. The exhibition articles include ship models, various instruments and equipment, paintings, heirlooms, objects which were pulled up from the sea bottom, potsherd (shells), pictures, etc. These exhibits are presented in classified unites, which revive our nautical tradition.

Denmark


Centre for Maritime & Regional History: (DENMARK) The Centre for Maritime and Regional History provides facilities for studies of the North European seascape as a maritime macro region.

Danish Naval History: (DENMARK) Welcome to this private web-site covering main parts of the Royal Danish Navy's History, primarily from 1801 to the present day.

Fisheries and Seafaring Museum: (ESBJERG) The Fisheries and Maritime Museum, Esbjerg, Denmark (Museum for the Danish Fisheries, including North Sea maritime history and North Sea oil and gas exploration).

Peder Skram-Danish Frigate: (DENMARK) Welcome on board the Frigate PEDER SKRAM. When the frigates of the PEDAR SKRAM class were decommissioned on 4th January 1988, an era in the Royal Danish Navy's 500 year history came to an end. The Navy no longer operates with frigates and there are no immediate prospects for replacement.


Estonia


The Estonian State Maritime Museum (Meremuuseum): (TALLINNE) The Estonian State Maritime Museum in Tallinne, Estonia, exhibits the general history of shipping and fishing in Estonia. Since 1978, the museum is active in underwater archaeology, presently using their own research ship Mare, a modern side scan sonar and a remote operated vehicle to search for sunken ships. The Baltic sea is unique because it is a brackish sea where a sunken ship will be preserved for centuries. The Estonian coast is special, since during the previous Soviet time, very little wreck diving took place. Presently the museum's archaeologists are locating so many wrecks that it will take many years to investigate them. This website provides a glimpse into the work of the Museum.

Finland


The Maritime Museum of Finland: (FINLAND) The Maritime Museum presents the history of shipbuilding, life on board a ship, merchant shipping, steam technology, winter navigation and the history of diving. The displays include material raised from the sea. Fishing and pleasure boats are exhibited in the boat hall, and at the quay outside the museum the newly restored lightship Kemi, built in 1901.


France


The Navy Museum of Brest: The Navy Museum of Brest is one of the decentralized establishments of the Paris Navy museum (Palais de Chaillot). It was at Brest that the armed fleet of "Grace", which defeated the British fleet at Chesapeake Bay in America on 30 August 1781, allowing the victory of Yorktown the 19 October and the independence of the USA.


Greece


Aegean Maritime Museum: (GREECE) The Aegean (Sea) has played a decisive role in Greek Maritime History, and principally for this reason it was decided to establish the Aegean Maritime Museum on Mykonos, in 1983, in the centre of the town of Mykonos. Delos is a close neighbour.

Hellenic Maritime Museum: (GREECE) In 1867, Captain G. Zohios, founder of the Sea Men's Pension Fund (Region of the Navy's Veterans) suggested a project of collecting and maintaining all objects which related to the Greek naval history and the establishment of a Naval Museum. 80 years passed and, in 1949, the first Naval Museum of Greece had its beginning. Finally, on 27 June 1955, the inauguration of the first "Hellenic Maritime Museum" took place. It was provisionally housed in a old and small, two-story building on Akti Moutsopoulou of Zea, Pireaus and in 1964 the National Tourist Organization (EOT) leased at a symbolic rate the plot of land where the museum is now located.


Germany


German Maritime Museum: (Bremerhaven) In early times Germany was no uniform entity, not to mention a state. It consisted of numerous small states with their own history, although there was a series of overlapping events, which connected them, e.g. the reformation or the fall of the Hanseatic League, which in former days had a big power, or also the Thirty Years' War. The German Maritime Museum historically chronicles the seafaring history of Germany. Also included in the Museum's collections is information on fishing and whaling, tidal research and forecasting, oceanography and polar research, Pilotage and navigation, and sailing and boating.

Hamburg Museum: (HAMBURG) Located in Bremerhaven, the museum, founded in 1893, displays exhibits pertaining to Medieval Shipping, Shipping in the early modern period, Shipping in the industrial age, Open-air museum, Fishing and whaling, Tidal research and forecasting, Oceanography and polar research, Pilotage and navigation, and Sailing and boating. Research may be conducted in the archives, library, and wet wood laboratory. The Museum exhibits and displays items related to Seafaring and Trade, Shipbuilding and Harbour, Port Industry and Traffic, and the Steamer Werner all on Floor 1.

National Museum - Germany: (MUNICH) Throughout history, ships have forged trading links between continents and thus between the cultures of their inhabitants. Well into the 20th century, ships were the only means of importing goods and obtaining information from overseas. At the same time, a ship at sea is an isolated environment, a world of its own. The Marine Navigation Exhibit at The National Museum of Germany, in Munich, exhibits the fishing vessel "Maria," A rescue cruiser of the "Theodor Heuss" class (1960). Also displayed is the development of sailing ships, passenger ships and ferries, freighters and boats, Life on board, propulsion and shipbuilding theory, and general shipbuilding.


Italy


Naval History Museum (Museo Storico Navale) & Arsenale   (VENICE) The Naval History Museum (Museo Storico Navale) & Arsenale is not for land-lubbers: this museum has filled its four floors with interesting maritime objects, includingthe banners that were flown by the Venetian fleet at Lepanto.

Galata Museum of the Sea (GENOA) A fascinating travel in the time, in order to live again the civilization of the sea and of navigation from the Middle Ages to the days ours. The new Galata Museum of the Sea has center in the ancient Arsenal, in which the Republic of Genoa it constructed and it launched the own fleet. Under its arched are passes soldiers to you of every origin, sailors and genovesi, enslaved masters of axe, force to you and galeotti, shipowners and traders. The four plans of the building, realize to you in ages various, they have crossed four centuries of history, uses you in the time like foundry of guns, laboratory of veleria, military fort, and warehouse for the goods. Guillermo Vazquez Consuegra, the Spanish architect whom he has Galata plan, ago to live again the ancient building wrapping it in one new "skin" of crystal, steel and wood, and creating a game of transparencies that give unexpected ends on the surrounding city.

Air & Sea Transport Building at the Museum of Science and Technology (MILAN) It might not be common knowledge that the Milan Museum of Science and Technology has the world's largest ship to be housed within a museum: the schooner, Ebe, sails up and ready to navigate. The Air & Sea Transport Building at the Museum contains two of the Museum's most sensational pieces: the sailing ship Ebe and the bridge of the transatlantic liner Conte Biancamano. Recently renovated, the bridge of the liner, featuring the grand ballroom, the pilothouse, and the navigation lights on, is one of the most impressive pieces in the Museum, reminiscent of the glorious days when luxury liners competed for the Blue Ribbon.


Malta


Malta Maritime Museum: The Malta Maritime Museum charts Malta's maritime history and lore within a Mediterranean context and also illustrates the global naature of seafaring and its impact on society.  The Museum is housed in the former British Naval Gakery at Vittoriosa, one of the Three Cities overlooking Grand Harbour.  The building, designed by British architect william Scamp, was erected between 1842 and 1845 on the site.


Netherlands


Batavia Yard in Lelystad: (NETHERLANDS) The Batavia Yard in Lelystad, the Netherlands, is foremost a center for traditional shipbuilding offering a fascinating view of Dutch shipbuilding of the 17th century. In the course of 1998 an archaeological presentation on inland shipping on the former Zuyderzee will be added to the yard.

Dutch Naval Museum Den Helder: (NETHERLANDS) (English) To know more about the fascinating history of the Royal Netherlands Navy the Naval Museum is just the place to follow the development of the naval vessel, be introduced to various naval heroes and come face to face with the weapons they used in battle, or enter the submarine 'Tonijn and the minesweepers 'Abraham Crijnssen' and breathe the atmosphere inside a warship.

Dutch Submarines: (NETHERLANDS) The submarines of the Royal Netherlands Navy 1906 - 1998 website is full of interesting information on Dutch submarines including a excellent narrative on the first Dutch submarine.

Maritiem Museum Prins Hendrik Rotterdam: (NETHERLANDS) The Maritime Museum 'Prins Hendrik' is situated right in the heart of Rotterdam, five minutes' walk from the Coolsingel and the Erasmus Bridge. Moored alongside, in all its glory, is the museum ship 'Buffel'.

Maritime Museum (Scheepvaart museum): (Amsterdam) Find out about the Dutch trading ventures and voyages of discovery, about Amsterdam in the golden age, the Dutch East India Company (VOC), distant countries, unusual cultures, the mercantile spirit and the colonies. At this museum Holland's seafaring past really comes to life.

STAD AMSTERDAM: (NETHERLANDS) Shipbuilding in the Netherlands is a main thrust of the STAD AMSTERDAM website where after 1813, a independent again nation under the new king, William I, Holland started on a new tack. Measures were implemented to inject new life into the shipbuilding industry. After all, the prospect of trade with the Dutch East Indies beckoned, and a well-equipped fleet sailed the world's oceans.


Norway


Compasses Carved in Stone: (NORWAY) All along the southern Norwegian coast we can find compasses carved in rock. These compasses can also be found in Sweden, Finland and on the Faeroe Islands. There is only one know compass like this outside of these four countries, that is on the top of Mont Orgueil Castle on the east coast of Jersey. Research by Johan A. Wikander, the outmost expert on this type of rockcarving in Norway, has established that most of these compasses has been carved by pilots on high points, at their lookouts. These were to be used when they saw a ship signaling for pilot. If the weather turned bad or snow- or rainshower came in, he would still have the bearing for the ship. These compasses are around a foot wide (smallest 17 cm, biggest 68 cm) with different layouts and use of symbols for north an east.


Poland


Polish Shiplovers' Club: (POLAND) The Polish Shiplovers' Club for for enthusiasts of merchant vessels and naval ship of Poland. In addition, the maritime museum is in Gdaƒsk and another one in Szczecin, with several further branches, includes such items as lighthouses and museum-ships, the tall-ship Dar Pomorza, and collier Soldek. They also have a Naval Museum in Gdynia with its museum-ship 2nd WW, British built Polish Navy destroyer Blyskawica.


Russia


Central Naval Museum, Submarine: (RUSSIA) The Central Naval Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia, is the home of the Submarine D-2. It is one of the first submarines built in Soviet era. It was put into service in 1931. It is a historical memorial of Russian navy and submarine building.

Central Naval Museum: Cruiser Aurora Branch: (RUSSIA) The beginning of ship's historical museum was laid in 1950 by efforts of crew, veterans, enthusiasts. In 1956 it was decided to reorganize it into the Central Naval Museum branch. By 1961 AURORA had finished her service as training ship (there was built a new edifice for pupils), thus crew's and pupils' quarters were handed to the museum.

Russian Naval History - The History of Russian Navy: (RUSSIA) The Crimean War persuaded all maritime powers that sailing ships must be converted to steam power for a nation to secure its waters. By the end of the war Russia found itself almost defenceless at sea. The Black Sea Fleet had been destroyed; in 1856, the Baltic area was guarded by a single screw-propellered ship of the line, the Vyborg. The English had 30 ships with screw propellers and the French, eighteen. The Russian fleet required new ships with technological advancements in nautical design, new commanders, and newer, better methods for attracting and training promising officers. This led to The Ironclads. Visit this site and learn much more about Russian seafaring.


Spain


Maritime Museum: (Barcelona) The first major event in the history of the Maritime Museum of Barcelona was the establishment of the Governing Board of the Nautical Institute of the Mediterranean (INM) in 1929. In 1931 the Culture Division of this Board promoted the creation of a Naval Museum and a specialised Library. The staff assigned to this project (headed by its director, Francesc Condeminas) and the collections that they gathered formed the original nucleus of the current Maritime Museum of Barcelona. In parallel, but without connection to this project, the city of Barcelona recovered the Royal Shipyards, which the army had definitively abandoned in 1935. Though these were two independent events, the idea of housing a Maritime Museum within the Gothic complex had already been put forward.


Sweden


Goteborgs Maritima Centrum: ( Gothenburg) Gothenburg inner harbour was once a major center of trade, is still fine harbour where traditions of the city still live on. No where is this more apparent than at Gothenburg's Maritime Center, where a quantity of "antique" ships are located today at one of the largest maritime museum in the world.

Kalmar Maritime Museum: (Kalmar Sound) Formed in November 28th, 1942, the Museum is today one of the Sweden's more interesting smaller maritime museums formed with the aim of collecting objects and memorabila connected to the shipping in Kalmar Sound.

The Maritime Museum At Brantevik: (SWEDEN) The collections at the museum are the result of many years of work. Practically all collected items are gifts that have been given by Brantevikians with connection to the shipping and fishing trade. The main part of the collections are paintings and models of ships. But you will also find many other interesting items as navigation instruments, tools, and photos of people, ships and vessels. A so called ship’s list showing all Brantevikian ships is available in Swedish. You can find information about people who at lived in Brantevik from the first known settlement in 1755 up to 1924.

Maritime Museum in Sweden: (SWEDEN) The Maritime Museum in Sweden, was openend 28th June 1997 by His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf. The Museum is in the town of Karlskrona. The Museum has a long tradition stretching back to 1752, when Adolf Fredrik, the then King of Sweden decreed, that a Ship's Model Room be established in Karlskrona, and ever since the Museum has been charged with the collection and conservation of artefacts which would document the history and development of Sweden's Navy. In many respects, the Museum houses a unique collection, which can now be seen in the new modern building on the island of Stumholmen, which lies close to the centre of Karlskrona. Historically, this is very much a self-evident location for the Museum, as for almost 300 years this island was an important part of the Swedish Navy's principal Base.

National Maritime Museum and the Vasa Museum: (SWEDEN) The National Maritime Museum, opened in 1938, is an authority formed by two museums, The Maritime Museum and the Vasa Museum. (SEE WEBSITE FOR VASA BELOW) The basic theme for both museum is the same, maritime history and technique, man and the sea, but seen from different angels. The Maritime Museum covers all the aspects of the maritime history of Sweden while the Vasa Museum is devoted to one specific ship and one defined periof in history. See both here in person.

Sweden's Seamen's Shipping Office Museum: Sweden's Seamen's Shipping Office Museum’s goal and purpose is to show what a typical Shipping Office looked like, and the development from the start in 1748 until they were closed in 1969. A Museum exhibit honours about 2.000 Swedish seamen who were lost in the line of duty at sea during WWII, in neutral and allied service. Other exhibits include a Captain's Saloon from a 1890-built vessel, and a exhibition of crew's living space in an old sailor. The Museum also has a comprehensive research department, with an archive covering shipping and ship's history, and muster lists over seamen from 1820s-1960s.

Vasa Museum: (Stockholm) The Royal Warship Vasa Museum in Stockholm, was inaugurated in 1990. In the large shiphall stands the warship Vasa - the only remaining, intact 17th century ship in the world.

Swedish Shipyard Terra Nova: (SWEDEN) The Swedish Shipyard Terra Nova in Gothenburg features information about 18th century Gothenburg, China, and the "story" of the Swedish East India Company. The shipyard is where the latest East Indiaman is being built and has been named Terra Nova after the old shipyard in Stockholm, where the original East Indiaman "Gotheborg" was built in 1738. She will be a magnificent 18th Centry ship made from oak and pine, and she will be an exact replica of an historical ship as regards line, hull, and rigging. Those who are familiar with Latin can easily translate the name into "New Earth," which is a suitable name, as this part of Eriksberg, where the slipway is situated on refilled land. There is much to learn through interesting pictures and exciting reading.

Trieste


Museo del Mare, Trieste The Museo del Mare, Trieste exhibition was first set up in 1904, when the fishing society, founded in 1888, opened a museum of fishing. The museum was enlarged over the years and changed location a number of times.

Turkey


Rahmi M. Koç Museum of Istanabul: (TURKEY) The Rahmi M Koç Museum is the first major museum in Turkey dedicated to the history of Transport, Industry and Communications. Housed in magnificent buildings -- themselves prime examples of industrial archaeology -- on the shore of the historic Golden Horn, the collection contains thousands of items from full size ships and aircraft to gramophone needles.